This article is a comprehensive guide on Parts of Speech in English Grammar.
In English grammar, words are generally divided into eight different classes or Parts of Speech according to the work they do in a sentence. These eight classes are called Parts of Speech.
In short, there are eight different types of parts of speech is there, and those are:
As we already know that in English grammar there are eight basic parts of speech, let.s discuss them one by one.
A noun is specified as the name of a person, place or thing.
There are five kinds of nouns:
A proper noun is the name of a particular place or person. For example, Dubai is the richest city, here Dubai refers to the name of a place so it is a proper noun.
A common noun is specified as the name given in common to every person or thing. For example, The girl in my class.
A material noun denotes the matter of the substance of the thing. For example, the house is built of wood.
It is the name of a quality, action or state belonging to an object. For example, Darkness, movement, music, philosophy.
A collective noun is the name of a group of the collection of persons or things are taken together. For example, army, group, team, class, crowd.
For more details take a look at this article Noun in English Grammar.
A pronoun is a word that replaces, relates or which is used instead of a noun or equivalent.
Pronouns are classified into ten types:
It indicates any person while acting as a subject or an object. For example, I, we, they, you, he, she, him, her, our.
It indicates mainly non-living things. For example, it.
It demonstrates any particular sense. For example, this, that, these, those, it, so, such.
It distributes the sense of the subject or object. For example, each, every, either, neither.
It signifies the sense of the subject or object. For example, any, all, many, some, few, someone, anyone, none, anybody, nobody, everybody.
It reciprocates between two or among more than two subjects and makes a complementary sense. For example, each other, one another.
It makes an extra emphasis on the main subject and is constructed with s ‘self’ word. For example, my self, herself, himself, themselves, yourself.
It relates the subject or object with another clause or part of the sentence. For example, who, which, what, that, whose, whom, anyone, none, anybody.
It makes the sense of interrogation. For example, who, which, what, whom, whose.
It signifies a possession over any other person. For example, mine, ours, yours, his, its, theirs.
For more details check out my another article on Pronoun in English Grammar.
A verb is a word that states action, position or being.
There are seven types of verb:
These types of verb are restricted to the number and also to the persons. For example, I am a good boy.
Principle verbs are the main verb of a sentence, it carries the sense, action, or state of a sentence. For example, I played football yesterday. In this sentence "Play" sate an action that I performed yesterday.
These types of verb are often used alone, with one or more objects in a sentence. For example, Ram played cricket.
These types of verb do not allow with a direct object, that means you can not use this type of verb where an object is clearly mentioned. Example of this type of verb is 'River flows'
These types of verbs are used to form tense, mood, aspect, modality, voice, etc. For example, Ram taking a shower.
By its name we can say these type of verb is not finite, that means these types of verb is not show their tense.
In English grammar non-finite verb are three types:
If you want to learn about the verb in detail check out my another post Verb in English Grammar.
These types of adverbs are basically denoting time i.e. tomorrow, yesterday, etc.
This type of adverb denotes the way of doing things, i.e. slowly, fastly, lately, etc.
This type of adverb defines where the action of the verb happens, i.e. far, everywhere, etc.
These types of adverb define how often a thing happens, i.e. rarely, frequently, etc.
This type of adverb denotes a sentence that is true or in a negative sense or judgment, i.e. undoubtedly, certainly, etc.
This type of adverb is used when the sense of the statement is an interrogation, i.e. where, why, how, etc.
These types of adverb join sentences and clauses and also tell about the noun, i.e. why, which, etc.
These types of adverb are denoting the sense or intensity of a thing that is happening, i.e. fully, almost, etc.
These types of adverb modify the sentences, i.e. surely, luckily, etc.
If you want to learn about the adverb in detail check out my another post on Adverb in English Grammar.
An adjective is a word which qualifies a pronoun or a noun. There are eight kinds of adjectives.
To learn Adjective in detail check out my another post on Adjective in English Grammar.
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with other parts of speech in a sentence.
Prepositions are six types, those are:
Although prepositions are categorized in different ways like:
Check out preposition in details here: Preposition in English Grammar.
A conjunction is a word which is used to join words, phrases, clause, and sentences. There are three types of conjunction.
These types of conjunction join two sentences or clauses of the same kinds, i.e. but, like, etc.
These types of conjunction used with subordinate clauses, i.e. because, lest, if, etc.
These types of conjunctions used in pairs, i.e. neither-nor, either-or, so-as, etc.
More on conjunction click here: Conjunction in English Grammar.
An interjection expresses some sudden feeling of one’s mind. For example, Alas! We have lost the match. Hurrah! We won the match.
Some common interjections are Bravo, Hurrah, Alas, Oh, etc.
More on interjection: Interjection in English Grammar
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