Hello Readers, today in this new lesson of English grammar, we will be going to learn What is Number in English Grammar, and Types of the number, and also see how to change from Singular to Plural number and Plural to Singular number. So let's start with the Definition of Number. To download the lesson in PDF format, please find the downloadable link attached below in the article.
In simpler terms, it's meant to show whether the object of discussion is one or more than one. Where the object is one, the number is referred to as singular and where it's more than one it becomes plural.
There are basically two types of Number, and that is singular and plural.
While singular refers to a single count of a pronoun or noun, plural refers to a count of more than one pronoun or noun.
The first column of words represents a singular number, while the second column represents a plural number.
When describing more than one pronoun or noun, it’s essential that you change it from the singular number form to a plural number form [External Link] to be grammatically correct. While the process can be as simple as adding an “s” at the end of the word, there’re complex rules that govern the entire process and which actually determine how you go about it.
Personal pronouns [External Link] have their own inflexion for a number that determines whether they're singular or plural. Most commonly, only the personal pronouns in the first and third person have a plural form. For the second person pronoun, only the reflexive pronoun yourself has a plural form, yourselves.
Examples in a sentence:
In this sentence, the pronoun I become we in the plural.
In this sentence, the pronoun she becomes they in the plural.
Rule 1: Adding an “s” at the end of the noun or pronoun.
This is the simplest of the rules, where you simply add an “s” at the end of the word and that’s it.
Rule 2: Where the pronoun or noun ends with an s, sh, ch, x or z, you add an “es” to make it plural.
Rule 3: Where the noun ends with a “ch”, but the “ch” is pronounced as a “k” you simply add an “s” instead of an “es”.
Rule 4: Where the noun ends with a “y” that’s preceded by a consonant, you replace the “y” with an “i” before adding an “es”.
Rule 5: Where the noun ends with a “y” that’s preceded by a vowel instead of a consonant, you add an “s” at the end.
Rule 6: Where the noun or pronoun ends with an “f” or “fe”, you simply replaces the “f” or “fe” with a “v” before adding an “es”.
Rule 7: Where the noun ends with an “o” that’s preceded by a consonant, you simply add an “es” to make it plural.
Of course, there are a few exceptions to this rule. At times, a word may end with an “o” that’s preceded by a consonant, but fail to follow the rule. These nouns can only be pluralized by adding an “s” at the end instead and they include words such as photo, piano, radio, memo, and canto – all of which require only an “s” at the end to change to plural form (e.g. photos, pianos, radios, memos, and cantos).
Some nouns that end with an “o” that’s preceded by a consonant, you have the option to either add an “s” or “es” at the end of the word and still be grammatically correct.
Rule 8: Where the noun ends with an “o” that’s preceded by a vowel instead of a consonant, you simply add an “s” to pluralize it.
Rule 9: Some nouns will require you to change the middle vowel to pluralize them.
Rule 10: Some nouns can be pluralized by adding an “en”, “ren”, or “no” at the end.
The answer is, NO. Adjectives do NOT take the plural form, save for situations when they're used as nouns.
In which case, modal becomes modals and blonde becomes blondes.
The subject-verb agreement can be defined as the number of agreement between subject and verb. Which is to say that both of them have to be either in singular or plural form to be grammatically correct.
Speaking of which, in the present tense, verbs form their plural in the opposite way as nouns. So instead of adding an "s" at the end to pluralize them, you add it to make them singular.
Examples in a sentence:
This is all about Number in English Grammar, I hope you are able to understand the lesson if you still have any doubts please feel free to comment down below.