Hello Learners, so in this lesson, we will discuss What is an Adjective in English Grammar? Then What are the types of adjective? and their example, I think examples are always helpful for understanding the proper usage. So, I designed this topic for you to understand clearly with examples. Hope you like this. So let start with the definition. To download the PDF copy of this lesson, please find the downloadable link attached below this article.
For example, let I take a sentence – She is a kind lady. here ‘kind’ represent the quality of the lady, so here kind is used as an adjective. Similarly, take another one- Sam is an honest boy, here also ‘honest’ describe the quality of the boy. I think now you clear to spot out an adjective.
There are two classes of the adjective:
Descriptive adjectives are used both predictively and attributively and Determiner adjectives are used only before a Noun.
Here the sense or meaning of the sentence is the same, but the first one is for attributive use and the second one for predicative use.
[The detailed guide by Lexico on Attributive use and Predication Use of Adjective, you can find the resources here.]
Adjectives are classified into eight types:
This is made from proper nouns. For example– The Asian style, Punjabi dish.
It indicates the quality of a noun or pronoun/equivalent. For example, A good proposal, A great idea, etc.
This indicates the quantity of a noun or pronoun or equivalent.
For example, Much advise, A little water, etc.
Adjectives of a number indicate the number of nouns/pronoun/equivalents. For example, Five boys, Two girls, several things, etc.
This demonstrates indicates a noun/pronoun or equivalent.
For example, This boy, that girl, these books, etc.
To particularize or indicates every member of a group individually it is used. For example, each boy, every book, any man, etc.
The ‘wh’ word used before a noun is called Interrogative adjective.
For example, Which book? Whose book?
This indicates relation or possession with a specific noun.
For example, My father, your friend, his books, etc.
So now we are going to learn how to find a difference between Adjectives and Pronouns because the same sense is used for both adjectives and pronoun, it is quite easy. let me show you the difference.
Though the meaning of both sentences is the same.
So, you see that changing the position of ‘my or mine’, it will use as Adjectives and pronoun as well.
Now I discuss how Nouns can be written as adjectives, I will give you some examples of that which can help you to get some idea about this:
Use of little, a little, the little: There are used to denote the little amount of quality.
There are some objectives which have no comparative or superlative form– Unique, chief, main, prime, absolute, empty, complete, circular, square, etc.
We know ‘the’ is not used before a comparative degree.
When ‘then’ is not used with a comparative degree, ‘the’ is used before it.
In the case of two comparatives ‘the’ is used before them.
Senior, junior, superior, prior, posterior, etc.
These Latin adjectives are followed by ‘to’.
If positive and comparative degree is used in a sentence, they are joined by ‘if’.
Point out the adjectives in the following sentences and state which class is of them belongs to –
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