This is a complete guide of Verb in English Grammar.
A verb is a part of speech which denotes the action of a subject or an agent and used to tell something about a person or a thing.
For example, John plays football.
Here the underlined word is a verb because the person ‘John’ performs an action i.e., ‘play’
So, let me show some examples.
What a thing or person is –
What a person or thing does-
What is done to a thing or person is –
There are seven types of verb and those are:
These are restricted or limited to the number and person of the subject.
It carried the sense of the main action.
They do not carry an object with them
It is generally used with principle verbs and help them to form their tense, voice and mood, therefore, these types of a verb are known as helping Verb.
These are ‘To be’, ‘To have’ and ‘To do’
Be: Present- is/ am/ are Past- was/ were Future- Shall be / will be
Have: Present- have/has past- had Future- Shall have/will have
Do: Present- do/does Past- did Future- Shall/will
Sometimes it uses with or without the help of principle verb.
Similarly, they are directly governed by the number and person of the subject
These are should, shall, will, would, may, might, used to, ought to need etc.
Features of modal auxiliaries are they are always used with principle verbs [External Link] (except ‘Dare’ and ‘Need’)
And remain unchanged in their form according to the person and the number of the subject (except ‘Have to’ and ‘Has to’)
These are not limited by the person and the number of any subject. They are used without mentioning any subject.
This is three kinds-
It is formed with ‘to’ or without ‘to’ with the base form of the verb.
If only one article on possessive pronoun is used before the first noun when there are two nouns connected with ‘and’ it means that the two nouns are used for the same person or thing and the verb becomes singular.
If two article or possessive pronouns are used for both the subjects the verb becomes plural because it means that they are two different people.
If two subjects are joined with- ‘with’, ‘together with’, ‘as well as’, ‘in addition to’, ‘along with’, ‘no less than’, the verb follows the first subject (S1).
If two subjects are joined with ‘either-or, neither-nor, or, not-only but-also’ the verb follows the second subject (S2)
The verb after the relative pronoun follows the noun or pronoun just before the relative pronoun.
‘None but’ and ‘nothing but’ always take singular verbs and the verb will follow ‘none’ or ‘nothing’.
The verb is the following cases is used in singular form.
When two singular nouns after to the same person denoted by one article.
In certain phrases or idiomatic pair of words suggesting the same meaning, though not synonyms.
When a plural noun conveys a singular concept, the verb becomes singular.
Choose the most suitable alternative to make the sentence logical in sense
a. blowed b. was blowed c. was blown
a. overflowed b. overflow c. overflown
a. Arise b. Rise c. Raise
a. Bound b. bounded c. binding
a. to lie b. to lay c. laid
In the following examples, pick out the verbs, complements, and object
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