In this article, we are going to discuss What is Sentence in English Grammar, and we are going to see it's types and examples. So let's dive into the article. To download the lesson in PDF format, please find the downloadable link attached below in the article.
A group of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject, modifier, and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. In daily life, people use sentences in both speech and writing.
A sentence is used to communicate a fact, a request, ask a question, and to express strong emotion.
Example of sentences is given below:
The sentence has several parts combining various parts of speech, and each section has its importance in a sentence or purpose of your writing.
The following are the required parts of a sentence.
There are also different types of subjects. A simple, a complete subject and a compound subject.
A simple subject is only a word without any modifiers having a noun or pronoun whereas a whole subject a sentence with all modifiers and a compound subject made up of more than one subject element.
In the above example “walked” is an action verb that tells what Tommy is doing and “down the street” is an adverb phrase that modifies the verb by explaining where he walked. Combining all the words make up a complete predicate of the sentence, and the verb alone is a simple predicate. A compound predicate consists of two different actions.
A complement in a sentence includes adjective, noun or pronoun that is followed by a linking verb.
Brandon is a subject, is – linking verb and athlete is a noun as a subject complement.
Modifiers are those words or part of a sentence which gives additional information of a sentence. The thing that you have to remember in about modifier is adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverb modifies verbs and adjectives.
In the first example, the adjective modifies the subject, and in the second example, the adverb modifies the simple predicate.
Depending on the way of writing there are mainly four types of sentences.
A brief about all types of sentences:
This is the most common type of sentence. These are a simple sentence and can be in any tense. These good sentences make statements, fact or opinion. The primary purpose of these sentences is to relay information. The sentence can be simple or compound sentence having a subject and a predicate. The declarative sentence tells the reader what is going on only.
You can easily observe that the above example are simple.
These type of sentences ask or interrogate questions. These sentences are punctuated by a question mark and are direct questions. Mostly interrogative sentences start with why, whom, what, how, where. It is essential to know that the interrogative sentences need a noun and a verb to complete.
Imperative sentences do not directly state the fact; instead, they tell someone to do something. The subject in this sentence may be missing. These sentences make requests and make commands. The important thing is that imperative sentences end with a period. The sentence tells people what to do. These are also referred to as directive sentences as the sentence provide direction.
All the case above giving the direction to be work done.
Exclamatory sentences are similar to the declarative sentences which make a statement instead of asking a question. The primary purpose of these sentences is to express strong emotion. These sentences are easily identified as they end with an exclamation mark instead of a period.
Exclamatory words [External Link] are used in the sentence. These are the words that express strong emotion, anger, and pleasure. These sentences are mainly used in emails and texts. They are rare in business and minimum used in academic writing.
Some exclamatory words which show some emotion and anger are alas! Represents feeling of worry and sadness, Um! Represents feeling of hesitation, Yum! Represents a feeling of pleasant taste and smell when you start a sentence with an exclamatory word you have to place either a comma or exclamatory mark after the word.
This is all about the sentence its parts and types. Learn about the sentence to increase your knowledge.
This is the whole explanation of Sentences in English Grammar, I hope you liked this lesson, if you have any doubts, feel free to ask in the comment section.