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Short Essay on Civilization [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

In this session, you are going to learn how you can write short essays on Civilization. There will be three different sets of essays in this session covering different word limits. 

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Short Essay on Civilization in 100 Words

A civilization is a complex society that is marked by urban development, social hierarchy, governmental bodies and advanced systems of communication like writing. In the prehistoric era, human beings lived in caves and hunted for food. Gradually, people began to come together in groups and settle down. With time, these settlements grew larger and became towns, cities and states. People began to do organized works like agriculture, mining and keeping domesticated livestock.

Different forms of government came into existence to maintain law and order in these societies. Thus, from the prehistoric men who lived in the wild, an advanced society was formed that had a complex structure. Some examples of such civilizations are the Ancient Egyptian civilization, Indus Valley civilization, Mesopotamian and Roman civilizations. 


Short Essay on Civilization in 200 Words

The word civilization comes from the Latin word 'civitas' or 'city'. Thus, in simple words, a civilization is a complex society made up of a group of cities. However, there are many other things like cultural and technological developments that are necessary for a society to be considered a civilization. So, a more accurate definition of civilization would be that it is a complex society that is marked by urban development, social hierarchy, governmental bodies and advanced systems of communication like writing. Society should also be settled and not live a nomadic life. 

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In the prehistoric era, people lived in caves alone or with their family members and hunted for food. Gradually, people began to come together in groups and form nomadic societies. They moved together from place to place in search of food. With time, the practice of farming was developed and people began to settle down. Slowly, these settlements grew larger and became towns, cities and states.

Division of labour occurred and people began to do organized works like agriculture, mining and keeping domesticated livestock. Different forms of government came into existence to maintain law and order in these societies. Thus, from the prehistoric men who lived in the wild, an advanced society was formed that had a complex structure. Some of the famous civilizations are the Ancient Egyptian civilization, Indus Valley civilization, Mesopotamian and Roman civilizations. 


Short Essay on Civilization in 400 Words

The word civilization comes from the Latin word 'civitas' or 'city'. Thus, in simple words, a civilization can be defined as a complex society made up of a group of cities. However, there are many other things like cultural, urban and technological developments that are necessary for a society to be considered a civilization. So, a more accurate definition of civilization would be that it is a complex society that is marked by urban development, social hierarchy, governmental bodies and advanced systems of communication like writing. Society should also be settled and not live a nomadic life. 

In the prehistoric era, people lived in caves alone or with their family members and hunted for food. Gradually, people began to come together in groups and form nomadic societies. They moved together from place to place in search of food and shelter. With time, the practice of farming was developed and people began to settle down beside rivers and other water bodies.

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These settlements kept growing larger and became towns, cities and states. Instead of every person having to gather their food, division of labour occurred and the jobs were divided among people. Some farmed, some made pottery, some kept livestock while others made clothes and furniture. Art, music and entertainment also became a huge part of people's lives.

Different forms of government came into existence to maintain law and order in these societies. Written languages were developed. These societies looked a lot like the societies we live in today. Thus, from the prehistoric man who lived in the wild and had to fend for himself, an advanced society was formed that had a complex structure. 

The definition of civilization, however, is not perfect. When the word was first coined, it was used by people to differentiate between their culture, which they felt was morally superior as well as highly developed, and other cultures which they considered morally inferior and backward. They called themselves civilised and referred to the others as barbarians. This led them to try to conquer and "civilise" the people whom they saw as barbaric. This, in turn, led to various native cultures around the world being terrorised, killed and forced to give up their unique ideas, identities and ways of life. 

This definition of civilization also excludes cultures like the Incan empire which had complex societies, religion, division of labour and technological prowess, from being considered a civilization just because they didn't have a written language. Some examples of proper civilizations are the Ancient Egyptian civilization, Indus Valley civilization, Mesopotamian and Roman civilizations. 

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I have tried to write these essays in a very simple language for a better and easier understanding of all kinds of students. If you still have any kind of confusion regarding this topic, let me know through the comment section below. Keep browsing our website for more such sessions on various important topics. 

Thank you. 

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